VIDEO COM VIỆT NAM

in order to lớn have sầu a respectable understanding of the Vietnam giới War we have sầu lớn rewind all the way baông xã lớn the late 1800s when France was colonizing Southeast Asia và in particular it colonized what it's now Laos Vietnam giới and Cambodia that were collectively called French Indochimãng cầu you can see Cambodia here Vietnam along the coast and then Laos right over here and France stayed the colonizing power have a little gap in my timeline here and they stayed a colonizing power all the way through all the way through World War all the way through World War two and so you can imagine during World War 2 France was quickly overrun by the Germans the Vietnamese wanted their independence and so you have a liberation movement that rises up and it was led by the Viet Minch and the Viet Minc were led by Ho Chi Minh this right here is a picture this right here is a picture of Ho Chi Minch and besides being a liberation movement they were also communist they were also communist which you could imagine later on during the Cold War we'll kind of bias the United States against them but you fast-forward through World War two eventually the Japanese take control over Indochina over Vietphái mạnh và but by the time 45 rolls about or at least the over of 45 và we know that the United States defeats nhật bản now all of a sudden the Viet Minch are able khổng lồ declare a somewhat temporary independence and it's temporary because shortly after that & the region is occupied temporarily by the Chinese in the north và and the British in the south who were part of the Allied forces against the axis but eventually you have sầu the French coming back and they want to reassert their their control over their former colony và you have this war that develops the first Indochimãng cầu war between the French and the people sympathetic lớn the French the the Vietnamese were loyal to lớn the French & the north và the French và just to lớn make it clear how it sets up when when at the over of World War two when you had the temporary occupiers the British và the Chinese the Chinese obviously had more influence in the north the British had more influence in the south when the French come bachồng they essentially are able to lớn reinstate control over the south so right when this the the Indochimãng cầu war is beginning the French already have sầu more control over the south & actually historically the French had more influence in the south as well during French colonial rule is really the southern third of Vietphái mạnh where you had a lot of French influence & this is a current bản đồ & the current bản đồ does not have this orange boundary over here that we'll talk about in a second it's all Vietphái mạnh is now unified but before the Vietphái mạnh War this was not Ho Chi Minh City this was this was Saigon và Saigon was kind of where most of the French control was centered but here fast-forward lớn 1954 this ends up in a bit of a stalemate và so you have the Geneva Conference of 1954 that partitions Vietphái nam along the 17th parallel between North and Vietphái nam và South Vietnam and the whole point of this partition was really khổng lồ just allow for a cooling-off period a period where you could have things settling down và then having elections it wasn't meant to lớn be a permanent partition but there was a 300-day period where people could move sầu across the partition and during that partition you actually had 900,000 people mainly Catholics move sầu from the north khổng lồ south you also had several hundred thousvà people moving from the south lớn the north so it wasn't a one-way movement but net-net most of the movements by Roman Catholic Vietnamese was from the north to lớn the south you fast-forward a little bit you eventually have sầu & and I'm sure I'm butchering the pronunciation here no Dinh Diem take control he starts off as Prime Minister in 54 eventually he takes control becomes president in 55 this is him right here he takes control of South Vietphái nam và this guy is not a big bạn of things lượt thích elections or or non corrupt government & and all of the rest and he takes control of South Vietnam giới but you can imagine that the United States is positively inclined lớn hlặng one he you know he dresses in Nice western suits và all of that nicely combed hair but he was also anti-communist & at this time period the United States is starting khổng lồ think in terms of Cold War in terms of how vì we stop communism how vì we contain it this whole theory of containment that the best way khổng lồ stop the Soviet Union is lớn just make sure that communism can not spread that it gets contained that we have the domino theory in the United States that if one country Falls khổng lồ communism in a region that the rest of the countries will eventually fall & that is not good for containment so we did not want South Vietnam giới to lớn fall we essentially start supporting these characters over here và even from the early 50s the United States starts supporting the anti-communist and at first this tư vấn it's in the I guess we should say the guise of advisors but these advisors one we start sending more & more aid more và more advisors và these advisors start getting more & more involved in the actual conflict and so after this partition you can imagine that you still have an ongoing conflict between the north và the south và on top of that you have actors who are sympathetic to the north sympathetic to the Viet Minc sympathetic khổng lồ Ho Chi Minch in the south some of them were in the north they come baông xã khổng lồ the south some of them were just in the south & they did not lượt thích the diem government of it besides just being sympathetic the Ho Chi Minc diem was a fairly corrupt AutoTrack rata cruller who wasn't a big bạn of democracy và so these these players in the south who started to lớn rise up against against President diem or the Vietcong the Vietcong & so this is really sets up what the Vietphái mạnh War is all about you have the Communist Ho Chi Minh controlled North that was fighting a conventional war against the south you have this you have sầu this partition on the 17th parallel & on top of that you have an unconventional fighting force I guess you'd gọi guerrillas in the in the south of Vietnam called the Vietcong so it was kind of a double there are two things that the South had khổng lồ fight against the North officially & also this this insurrection that was occurring within the south & so the whole time the United States did not want this insurrection to succeed they did not want all of Vietnam giới lớn become communist we keep sending more and more advisors it actually started even before Kennedy but in Kennedy he starts sending the escalates the number of advisors that get sent it's still not at this point it's still not a formal war we haven't officially declared where we don't have sầu officially soldiers in battle-ax fast-forward lớn 1963 besides all of the great characteristics of diem that I already mentioned he also was inkhổng lồ persecuting Buddhists so khổng lồ make matters worse so you know not only was he corrupt not only did he not lượt thích elections but he liked persecuting his own people và by 69 by 1963 this kind of got out of h& he his level of persecution of the Buddhists he started toward storming temples & all the rest and so he was assassinated and not only was he he's assassinated it kind of leaves this power vacuum we have sầu all of these people jockeying for control none of these really especially savory characters inside the South these two guys eventually come lớn power when cow Chi và win van lớn wait a few years when van too is able to get this guy out of the picture & then by 1967 I don't have it over here 1967 you have sầu to lớn is has now taken control but during that period or actually before Chi và lớn take power in 1964 you have sầu one of the shadiest incidents in American history as you can imagine we as in our function as it advisors we had sent ships inkhổng lồ the Gulf of Tonkin right after off of the coast of North Vietphái mạnh & so the original story goes and this is a very suspect original story in 1964 the u.s.

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Maddox & this is the original story claimed that it was attacked or it was claimed that the u.s. Maddox was attacked by North North Vietnamese patrol boats and that there were some you know there was a little bit of the skirmish there was an exchange of fire và it was also claimed that a few days later another boat in the Gulf of Tonkin another US vessel was attacked by a North Vietnamese boat that was the original story this angered Congress this angered the American people you know how dare they attachồng ships that are sitting off of the coast warships that are sitting off the coast và so this kind of gave this kind of gave the the emotional the emotional fuel lớn pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution so these incidents or these purported incidents this kind of attaông xã on the USS Maddox and this other thing that might have sầu happened were called the gulf of tonkin incidents this angered Congress angered the American people so we passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and what's relevant about it is it gave LBJ here it gave sầu hyên the authority to lớn officially engage in a war in Vietnam to officially escalate it to lớn an actual war that the u.s.

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was involved in and this whole time I've been saying it's shady because it's now been shown that won the Gulf of Tonkin well it's not clear that really anything happened there might have been some firing from the USS Maddox it they might did they might have sầu actually engaged the north the North Vietnamese patrol boats the other possibility that might have sầu happened is that they that nothing happened so but either way you any way you look at it it's now been fairly established that it was not a real incident it was not really North Vietphái mạnh attacking attacking the United States but it was Val it was it was relevant because it really escalated the war so now you have sầu Johnson did I say North Korea originally I apologize for that we're talking about North Vietnam giới I don't rethành viên what my brain actually said of course North Vietnam but it gave sầu it gave Johnson the the the power khổng lồ escalate the war and so his administration is really the heart of the Vietphái mạnh War when the war was really escalated we eventually get to 500,000 US troops but the whole time this is happening you can imagine that Johnson and the military leaders in Viet and the American military leaders in Vietphái nam are telling the American people oh we're fighting communism we're about to win this is a noble war và you fast forward & you know especially the part about lớn win you fast forward to lớn 1968 & all of a sudden you have sầu the Vietcong who the American leaders have told the American people in the Congress that are they're about to lớn be defeated và then in 1968 the Vietcong orchestrate the Tet Offensive which is this this massive sầu coordinated attack on a bunch of targets throughout throughout throughout South Vietnam & so even though it was wasn't completely successful militarily the intent of the Tet Offensive was to lớn kind of completely turn the tides in the war it made the American people & Congress rightfully suspicious you you know mr. Johnson you had told us you had told us that we were about to win the war & we were about to you know the Vietcong we're almost defeated and all of a sudden they orchestrate this this sophisticated attaông xã on us it rightfully made the American public suspicious on top of that và you know this this probably made matters a lot worse the My Lai massacre comes out & in every war there are massacres but the United States at least believes that it's it's it's soldiers can kind of take the high road that it's it's they don't engage in in these type of things but the My Lai massacre show that really no soldiers are immune to lớn massacres & this is really a disgusting massacre & it was documented & if you really want lớn be disturbed vày a Google search for images of the My Lai massacre it will ruin your weekkết thúc it'll depress you you know it's it's US soldiers killing a village of innocent women and children there's pictures of dead babies it's horrible và on top of to make matters worse or even you know add insult to lớn injury the soldiers who committed it there was actually a few who tried lớn defkết thúc the the villagers and they were when they came baông xã they were they were created almost like traitors but the soldiers who actually did the attaông chồng only one of them got jail time it was only a couple of years of jail time & this is for massacring a village of women & children so already you had the Tet Offensive sầu makes the American public suspicious of whether we can even win this war & then you have sầu the My Lai massacre which just discussed the public and and and and makes people realize that we're involved in a war that not even clear who are the good guys anymore not even clear what the real goals are make matters worse you fast forward to 1971 the Pentagon Papers get leaked khổng lồ the Thủ đô New York Times và these pretty much articulate it's a classified document that articulates that the leadership the military và non-military leadership of the Vietnam War was khổng lồ some degree lying lớn Congress và the American people was lying about how the war was going it was lying about what activities it was doing it did not tell the American people of Congress that it was actually engaged in war in Laos và Cambodia & a lot of the reason why we were in gay Laos and Cambodia is because that's where the supply routes were between the north và the south they ran through Laos & Cambodia và the most famous of them và you might have heard of it is the Ho Chi Minh Trail & it wasn't just one trail it was actually a network of trail và so a lot of the activity that was going on in Laos and Cambodia was kind of carpet bombing of what the the US thought were some of these supply routes and we never really got a good you know we never well that's a whole other debate but the it wasn't just one trail that was easily bombed it was all of these little footpaths and all of these other things where arms were able khổng lồ be transported from the north to lớn the south but the Pentagon Papers rightfully made the American people even more suspicious & then now we're entering inkhổng lồ Nixon's administration and he was still doing the carpet bombing you know still atrocities going on but he his whole goal was lớn kind of wind down the war bring the troops out on a timetable without kind of a an official defeat so you fast-forward lớn 1973 you have the Paris Peace Accords we're officially there is peace between the the north the South the north & the Americans you can imagine it from the North's point of view they're like sure we'll sign some piece of chords it'll just make the Americans go away once the Americans go away they won't be able to come back since this was such a hugely unpopular war it was it was such a such a waste of for America on so many dimensions especially America's prestige is a global actor we'll just wait for them khổng lồ leave and then we can overrun the south after that & that's essentially what happens in 1975 the North just overruns the south and then in & then later that year you have sầu mix you have sầu Saigon falling to the north and then it becomes Ho Chi Minc City and just this whole period you have President to lớn is in power & just khổng lồ show where his priorities are right near the kết thúc right when the north is falling to lớn South Vietnam và you can kind of see the writing on the wall he gives a speech lớn the Vietnamese people saying that he'll never desert them but then when he when he really makes it when it becomes pretty clear that that Saigon is going to fall to the North Vietnamese he gets on a big on a big US transport plane with literally 15 tons of luggage fifteen tons of luggage I'll let you think about how much luggage that is và 15 million dollars 15 million dollars worth of gold & this is 15 million dollars worth of gold in 1975 so you can imagine how much he really cared about about the Vietnamese people and he eventually ends up settling in Massachusetts and he died there in about about ten years ago so you can imagine this was a ugly incident for the world an ugly super ugly incident for the Vietnamese people a super ugly chapter in American history it was the first war that won America lost but more it hurts prestige it hurts America's ability to influence what was going on in other parts of the world you know you had the containment theory that you know we had to stop communism from spreading và in the domino theory that if if one country would fail to come fall lớn communism then the other one word that didn't happen the south did fall but we didn't have sầu the rest of Southeast Asia falling to lớn communism so it kind of disproved the the domino theory especially because after the Vietphái mạnh War that the United States would not be able khổng lồ enter another war like it for some time because the American people wouldn't let it happen so to some degree would've been easier for communism to spread because people would have known that the u.s. couldn't engage it but despite that the domino theory didn't happen but it was just all-around ugly I mean just the the besides the massacres & the raping and the pillaging of innocents that happened on really on all sides of this you have sầu one lớn three million Vietnamese Vietnamese & no one will really know the actual count but that's a huge number 1 khổng lồ 3 million Vietnamese were killed you have 58,000 58,000 American troops being killed American troops & you have sầu hundreds of thousands of Cambodians and lotions who are never really formally involved in the war they were they were killed especially due khổng lồ a lot of this carpet bombing chiến dịch so these are these are these are I mean just atrocious numbers and và really one of the worst và ugliest chapters in US history

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